A one to two page formal document that lists a job applicant’s work experience, education and skills. A resume is designed to provide a detailed summary of an applicant’s qualifications for a particular job – it is not usually meant to provide a complete picture. A good resume gives the potential employer enough information to believe the applicant is worth interviewing. A one-page cover letter, submitted along with the resume, can provide additional information about the applicant’s qualifications.

A resume is typically a requirement when applying for most white collar jobs. Individuals should use their resumes to highlight specific achievements and emphasize their accomplishments. For example, when describing past work experience, a good resume will not just run through the applicant’s day-to-day job responsibilities, but will also list specific accomplishments at the job, such as cutting costs or beating sales goals.


There are several basic types of resumes used to apply for job openings. Depending on your personal circumstances, choose a chronological, a functional, combination, or a targeted resume. Here are the different types of resumes to use to apply for jobs with examples.

  1. Chronological Resume:A chronological resume starts by listing your work history, with the most recent positions listed first. Because it focuses on most recent work experiences, it is considered one of the most common resume structures.Employers typically prefer this type of resume because it’s easy to see what jobs you have held and when you have worked at them. As a result, this structure works well for job seekers with a strong working background.Your jobs are listed in reverse chronological order with your current, or most recent job, first. It often includes an objective or career summary before a list of previous work experience. Education, certifications, and special skills are also included on this type of resume. Your education, skills, and other information are listed after your experience.
  2. Functional Resume:A functional resume focuses on your skills and experience, rather than on your chronological work history. It is typically used by job seekers who are changing careers or who have gaps in their employment history. In this way, specific skills and capabilities are emphasized to highlight the potential employee’s competency. This is different from a traditional resume that displays a timeline of reverse chronological work experience with brief explanations of each job. As a result, the focus is shifted from the amount of time that has passed to the actual skills the applicant possesses.Functional resumes are ideal for people new to the workforce, looking to change career paths or who are applying for a job with very specific requirements and characteristics in mind.
  3. Combination Resume:A combination resume lists your skills and experience first. Your employment history is listed next in chronological order. When you use a combination resume you can highlight the skills you have that are relevant to the job you are applying for, and also provide the chronological work history that employers prefer.The combination resume is typically sectioned into two parts. The first part is similar to a functional resume in that it highlights skills, achievements, and qualifications. The second part depicts the timeline of work experience. There are several benefits to this resume format. The layout first captures the attention of the employer or recruiter by highlighting the skills and capabilities of the applicant, and then supports the first part with an account of prior work experience.Combination resumes can be used to show the employer your most relevant skills, while still documenting your work history. This resume format is also a good way of answering the reader’s questions about career changes, gaps in work history and other potential red flags.

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